Dutch Topographic map of Hengelo (city), June 2014
Two of the three large cities in East Overijssel: Almelo and Hengelo
is a city in the eastern part of the Netherlands
, in the province of Overijssel
. The city lies along the motorways A1/E30 and A35 and it has a station for the international Amsterdam
Hengelo is easily reached by train. One can travel from Hengelo railway station
, the main station of Hengelo and get directly and regularly to:
, Southern Amsterdam
, Amsterdam Airport Schiphol
, Den Haag
. There are international trains daily to Bad Bentheim
, and Berlin
For information on the train services see Hengelo railway station
. One can also plan a journey on the website of Dutch Railways
, passengers should use the train to Schiphol
and change at Amersfoort, where there are regular trains to Amsterdam Centraal railway station
, which is the nearest station to the city.
Hengelo Oost railway station
and Hengelo Gezondheidspark railway station
are also located in Hengelo. Just beside Hengelo Oost railway station is the football club Juliana '32 and the Groot Driene tennis club.
- Within the city limits, the only means of public transport is the bus. Some parts of the route are on bus lanes, specifically built for buses to travel faster.
- The A1/E30 from Amsterdam to Moscow goes right through the city.
- The A35 from Enschede to Wierden goes along the west side of the city.
- Hengelo has a relatively large harbour in the Twentekanaal, a heavily used canal from the Twente region to the IJssel.
The town of Hengelo
Although archeological research indicates the location has been inhabited for thousands of years, the municipality was founded in 1802. At that time it merely consisted of a few hundred farms and agricultural workers' houses.
Hengelo was never granted city rights
as it was only a small village that expanded in the 19th century during the industrial revolution. In the late 19th century it rapidly developed after the construction of an important railway
junction. This attracted industry with a focus on technology: Stork B.V.
, Hazemeyer, N.V. Heemaf
(now part of France's Alstom
, Brush HMA
,Brush-Barclay, the United States' Eaton, Essent
, Heemaf BV, NV Nuon
, and Wabtec
), KHZ (now AkzoNobel
), and Hollandse Signaal Apparaten
, now taken over by the Thales Group
. Hengelo was the home town of Hengelo Bier
, a local brewery.
During World War II
, the city was often bombed by the Allies because of the presence of the railways and the war industry activities of local factories. The heart of the town was accidentally destroyed during the Bombing of Hengelo on 6 and 7 October 1944, killing several hundred people.
In addition, after World War II the synagogue that survived the war, an entire block called de Telgen, a monastery at the Thiemsbrug, the farm dating from the 17th century where Wolter ten Cate
was born, and the 19th-century town hall were all demolished. This has also left the city without much of an historical centre.
One of the most prominent buildings is the Lambertusbasiliek
, a Roman basilica
built in 1890 devoted to Saint Lambert